How to Make Fondant: A Step-by-Step Guide for Cake Decorating

Fondant is a popular icing for cakes that adds an elegant and sophisticated touch to any dessert. However, store-bought fondant can be expensive and often contains ingredients that are difficult to pronounce. Making your own fondant from scratch may seem daunting at first, but it’s actually quite simple and cost-effective.

With just a few basic ingredients and some patience, you can create a beautiful and delicious cake that will impress your friends and family. This step-by-step guide will walk you through the process of making fondant from scratch, providing tips and tricks along the way to help ensure perfect results every time. So, roll up your sleeves and let’s get started!


Fondant is a popular ingredient in cake decorating, giving cakes a sleek and polished look. It’s easy to assume that fondant is a complex substance that only professional bakers can handle, but the truth couldn’t be further from that. Fondant is actually quite easy to make at home with just a few ingredients and some dedication.

In this article, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about making fondant from scratch. Whether you’re an experienced baker or a complete beginner, this guide will provide you with all the information you need to create beautiful fondant for your cake decorating needs. From the essential ingredients required to the step-by-step instructions, we’ve got you covered. So why not give it a try and impress your friends and family with your newfound skills?

What is Fondant?

Fondant is a type of icing that’s commonly used in cake decorating. It’s a smooth, pliable sugar paste that can be molded, sculpted, and shaped into various designs, making it a popular choice for creating elaborate cakes for special occasions like weddings, birthdays, and more.

Unlike traditional buttercream or cream cheese frosting, fondant provides a uniform, matte finish that’s perfect for achieving a polished, professional look. By using fondant, bakers can create intricate details and textures that are difficult to achieve with other types of icing.

Fondant is typically made from a mixture of powdered sugar, gelatin, glycerin, and corn syrup. The ingredients are combined, heated, and kneaded until they form a smooth, elastic dough. Once the fondant is ready, it can be rolled out and draped over a cake to create a smooth, seamless finish or used to mold 3D figures and designs.

While fondant is a versatile and popular choice for cake decorating, it does have some drawbacks. Fondant is often criticized for its taste, which is often described as overly sweet and lacking in flavor. Additionally, fondant can be difficult to work with, requiring a great deal of skill and practice to master.

Despite these challenges, many bakers continue to use fondant in their cake decorating due to its versatility and ability to create stunning designs. With proper technique and a little creativity, fondant can transform an ordinary cake into a work of art that is sure to impress.

Ingredients Needed for Making Fondant

Ingredients Needed for Making Fondant

If you’re looking to make fondant from scratch, it’s important to have the right ingredients on hand. Here are the key ingredients you’ll need to gather:

  • Powdered sugar: Also known as confectioners’ sugar, this finely ground sugar is a mainstay in many dessert recipes. It’s essential for achieving the smooth texture that fondant is known for.

  • Gelatin: This odorless, tasteless ingredient helps give fondant its elasticity. When heated and dissolved in liquid, it forms a gel-like substance that can be mixed with other ingredients to form fondant.

  • Glycerin: This clear liquid is often used in baking and confectionery to prevent crystallization and help keep foods moist. In fondant, it helps keep the mixture pliable and easy to work with.

  • Corn syrup: This sweet, thick syrup is made from cornstarch and is often used as a binding agent in desserts. In fondant, it helps create a smooth, stretchy texture that can be molded into shapes.

While these four ingredients are the basic building blocks of fondant, there are also many variations and additions you can make to customize your recipe. For example, some bakers use marshmallows or white chocolate to add flavor and color to their fondant.

It’s important to note that making fondant can be a bit tricky, and getting the proportions of the ingredients just right is essential. Be sure to follow your recipe closely and measure your ingredients carefully for the best results.

With these key ingredients and a bit of patience, you’ll be well on your way to creating beautiful and delicious fondant creations for all your baking projects.

Steps for Making Fondant

Step 1: Bloom the Gelatin

Step 1: Bloom the Gelatin

Before you can start making fondant, you need to bloom the gelatin. This process involves softening the gelatin in a liquid so that it can dissolve smoothly and evenly later on.

To bloom the gelatin, you will need to sprinkle it over a small amount of cold water or another liquid such as fruit juice or milk. The ratio of gelatin to liquid is typically about one tablespoon of gelatin to two tablespoons of liquid. It’s important to mix the gelatin and liquid thoroughly to ensure there are no lumps.

Once the gelatin has been sprinkled on the liquid, let it sit for a few minutes. During this time, the gelatin will absorb the liquid and begin to expand, or “bloom.” You will know when the gelatin is ready when its surface becomes wrinkled and feels spongy to the touch.

Blooming the gelatin is a critical step in making fondant, as it allows the gelatin to dissolve more easily when heated later on. If the gelatin is not bloomed properly, it may clump together, resulting in a lumpy consistency in your fondant.

In summary, blooming the gelatin is a simple but necessary step in making fondant. By following these instructions and taking care to mix the gelatin and liquid thoroughly, you’ll be well on your way to creating smooth, delicious fondant for all your cake decorating needs.

Step 2: Melt the Gelatin

To make fondant, it’s essential to melt the gelatin properly to achieve the right consistency. Gelatin has a unique texture that needs to be melted down before mixing with other ingredients. This step is crucial since melting the gelatin the wrong way can result in lumpy or grainy fondant.

To begin melting the gelatin, you’ll need a microwave-safe container or a double boiler. If using a microwave, heat the gelatin in 10-second intervals, stirring between each burst of heat. It’s important not to overheat the gelatin because this can cause it to lose its gelling ability.

If using a double boiler, simply place the gelatin in a heat-safe bowl on top of a pot of simmering water. Stir the gelatin continuously until it becomes liquid.

Once the gelatin has fully melted, remove it from the heat and allow it to cool for a few minutes. Adding hot gelatin into the syrup mixture can cause the sugar to crystalize, which can ruin the fondant.

It’s important to note that some recipes call for blooming the gelatin beforehand, meaning soaking the powder in cold water for about five minutes before heating. Blooming the gelatin helps it dissolve more evenly and reduces the chances of lumps forming.

Melted gelatin is a key ingredient in creating smooth and pliable fondant. Take the time to melt it correctly, and your fondant will have a professional-looking finish.

Step 3: Add the Syrup Mixture

Adding the Syrup Mixture to Make Perfect Fondant

In step three of making fondant, it’s time to add the syrup mixture. This is a crucial step in ensuring your fondant has the perfect texture and can be easily shaped and molded.

The syrup mixture consists of corn syrup, water, and sugar. This mixture helps to keep the fondant pliable and prevents it from drying out too quickly. It also adds a bit of sweetness to the fondant.

To make the syrup mixture, combine 1/4 cup of water and 1/4 cup of corn syrup in a small saucepan. Heat the mixture over low heat until the corn syrup is dissolved. Then, stir in 2 pounds of powdered sugar until the mixture forms a thick, dough-like consistency.

Make sure to add the syrup mixture slowly and gradually to the gelatin mixture while mixing. Don’t rush this step or try to add too much at once. Doing so can lead to lumps and an uneven texture. By adding the syrup mixture in small increments, you’ll achieve a smooth and consistent fondant.

It’s important to note that the amount of syrup mixture needed may vary depending on the humidity and temperature of your kitchen. If you live in a particularly dry area, you may need to add more syrup mixture to keep the fondant from drying out too quickly.

In summary, adding the syrup mixture is a vital step in making perfect fondant. The combination of corn syrup, water, and sugar helps to keep the fondant pliable and easy to shape. By taking your time and adding the mixture slowly, you’ll achieve a smooth and consistent fondant that’s perfect for decorating cakes and other desserts.

Step 4: Mix in the Powdered Sugar

Step 4: Mix in the Powdered Sugar

Adding powdered sugar to your fondant mixture is a crucial step in the fondant-making process. This ingredient not only adds sweetness, but also brings structure and stability to the fondant dough.

When mixing in the powdered sugar, it’s important to do so gradually to avoid clumping or overworking the dough. Sift the powdered sugar into the mixture in small amounts, using a spoon or spatula to fold it in gently.

It’s also important to consider the type of powdered sugar you’re using. Some brands may produce a grittier texture that can affect the final result of your fondant. Experiment with different brands to find the one that works best for you.

As you mix in the powdered sugar, you’ll notice the dough becoming thicker and more pliable. Keep folding in the sugar until the mixture becomes smooth and free of lumps.

Mixing the powdered sugar properly can take some practice, so don’t be discouraged if your first few attempts don’t turn out perfectly. With time and experience, you’ll find the right technique and achieve perfect fondant every time.

Step 5: Knead the Dough

Step 5: Knead the Dough

Kneading the fondant dough is a crucial step to achieving smooth and pliable fondant. Kneading helps to activate the gluten in the dough, which gives it elasticity and makes it easier to work with.

To start kneading the fondant, lightly dust your work surface with powdered sugar. Take the fondant out of its container and place it onto the surface. Begin kneading by pressing the fondant down and away from you with the heels of your hands. Fold the fondant back over itself, rotate it 90 degrees, and repeat the process. Continue to knead the fondant for about 5-10 minutes until it becomes smooth and pliable.

It’s important not to over-knead the fondant, as this can cause it to become too soft and sticky. If the fondant starts sticking to your hands or the work surface, dust it with more powdered sugar.

There are some tips that can help make kneading the fondant easier. For example, you can break the fondant into smaller pieces before kneading to make it more manageable. You can also use a stand mixer with a dough hook attachment to knead the fondant instead of doing it by hand.

Once you have finished kneading the fondant, you can begin to roll it out to the desired thickness and shape for your cake. By following these steps and tips for kneading the fondant dough, you’ll be able to achieve perfect fondant every time!

Step 6: Store the Fondant

Storing Fondant

Storing fondant properly is crucial to ensure that it stays fresh and pliable for future use. Here are some tips on how to store fondant:

  • Wrap the fondant tightly with plastic wrap or seal it in an airtight container. This helps prevent moisture from getting in, which can cause the fondant to become sticky and unworkable.
  • If you’re storing colored fondant, separate it into smaller portions and wrap each one individually. This will keep the colors from bleeding together and potentially ruining your design.
  • Keep fondant at room temperature, away from direct sunlight or heat sources. Excessive heat can cause the fondant to melt, while too much cold can make it hard and difficult to work with.
  • If you need to store fondant for an extended period of time, consider freezing it. Wrap it tightly with plastic wrap, then place it in an airtight container or freezer bag. When you’re ready to use it again, let it thaw at room temperature before kneading it back to its original consistency.

By following these storage tips, you’ll be able to extend the life of your fondant and ensure that it’s always ready to use whenever you need it.

Tips and Tricks for Making Perfect Fondant

Tips and Tricks for Making Perfect Fondant

Making fondant from scratch can be a challenge, even for experienced bakers. It’s easy to make mistakes that can ruin your fondant or make it hard to work with. To help you make perfect fondant every time, here are some tips and tricks.

Tip #1: Use High-Quality Ingredients

The quality of your ingredients is essential when making fondant. Use high-quality powdered sugar, gelatin, and glycerin for the best results. Cheap or low-quality ingredients can affect the texture and taste of your fondant.

Tip #2: Troubleshooting Fondant Problems

Fondant can be tricky to work with, and sometimes things don’t go as planned. If your fondant is too dry or too sticky, try adding a small amount of powdered sugar or cornstarch until you achieve the right consistency. If your fondant is cracking or tearing, add a small amount of glycerin to make it more pliable.

Tip #3: Storing Fondant

If you have leftover fondant, store it in an airtight container at room temperature. Avoid storing it in the refrigerator or freezer, as this can cause condensation and make the fondant sticky. If your fondant has been stored for a long time and has become hard, microwave it for a few seconds to soften it before use.

Tip #4: Practice Makes Perfect

Like any skill, making fondant takes practice. Don’t get discouraged if your first attempts aren’t perfect. Keep trying, and soon enough, you’ll be making beautiful fondant creations with ease.

In conclusion, these tips and tricks can help you make perfect fondant every time. Remember to use high-quality ingredients, troubleshoot any problems that arise, store your fondant properly, and practice regularly. With these tips, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a fondant pro!



In conclusion, making fondant may seem intimidating at first, but with the right ingredients and steps, it can be a fun and delicious addition to your cake decorating.

Remember to follow the recipe closely and measure ingredients accurately for the best results. Blooming the gelatin properly is vital to ensure the fondant has the right consistency.

If you encounter any issues like cracking or tearing during the kneading process, don’t worry – this can often be fixed by adding a little extra glycerin or corn syrup.

Once you’ve made your fondant, store it in an airtight container at room temperature for up to two weeks. If you need to store it longer, freeze it for up to three months.

By following these tips and tricks, you’ll be making perfect fondant in no time. Impress your friends and family with beautifully decorated cakes that taste as good as they look. Happy baking!
Making fondant from scratch may seem like a daunting task, but with the right ingredients and technique, it is achievable for anyone. With this step-by-step guide, you have all the information you need to make fondant that is perfect for cake decorating. By using common ingredients such as powdered sugar, gelatin, corn syrup, and glycerin, you can create fondant that is easily manageable and has a smooth texture. Remember to follow the tips and tricks provided to avoid any pitfalls in the process. With practice, you’ll become an expert in making fondant and be able to create beautiful cakes that will impress your family and friends. So go ahead, give it a try, and let your creativity soar!

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